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2011 Julio | Agua-Info: Información y Conocimiento del Agua y el Ambiente para el Desarrollo

Agua-Info: Información y Conocimiento del Agua y el Ambiente para el Desarrollo

proyecto@aguainfo.net, marco.morales75@gmail.com

Modelación matemática de la interacción entre la vegetación de ribera y el régimen hídrico del río en condiciones semiáridas

(DESCARGUE AL FINAL DE ESTE ARTÍCULO EL ARCHIVO COMPLETO DE LA TESIS DOCTORAL de MARCO MORALES)
Las interacciones bióticas y abióticas entre el río y la zona de ribera determinan procesos hidrológicos relevantes del balance hídrico y ejercen control de los tipos de vegetación característicos del corredor de ribera y laderas aledañas; las plantas responden y se adaptan a las condiciones del medio y, a su vez, controlan el ciclo hidrológico de estos ecosistemas. En las regiones semiáridas, la disponibilidad hídrica ejerce uno de los principales controles para el crecimiento y desarrollo de la vegetación, pues en el continuo suelo-planta-atmósfera son fundamentales la fluctuación de los contenidos de humedad del suelo y la profundidad del sistema de raíces; en estas condiciones, la cercanía con el río genera un gradiente de humedad que determina con mucha claridad el límite entre la ribera de vegetación exuberante y la ladera semiárida colindante.

Morales, M. 2008.

Morales, M. 2008.

Para enfatizar dichas condiciones y procesos ecohidrológicos, se ha diseñado y aplicado un modelo matemático de la interacción entre la vegetación de ribera y el régimen hídrico del río, denominado “Modelo de agua y vegetación de ribera RibAV”, que recoge los principales avances de modelación del ecosistema a nivel mundial y que enriquece su conceptualización con base en la experiencia de campo.

Imagen ventanas del Modelo Ecohidrológico RibAV

Imagen ventanas del Modelo Ecohidrológico RibAV

Esta herramienta tecnológica es de utilidad para determinar el crecimiento y respuestas de la vegetación ante condiciones variables de disponibilidad de agua de las zonas saturada y no saturada, proveniente de un balance hídrico diario controlado por el régimen del río y por los mecanismos diferenciados de adaptación al medio de los diversos tipos de vegetación presentes. En el modelo el régimen hídrico del río determina las fluctuaciones del nivel freático en la zona de ribera mediante una aproximación simple. La hidrología de la zona se modela mediante un balance hídrico conceptual que incluye el almacenamiento estático del suelo y los principales movimientos de agua de la ribera.

DESCARGUE la tesis doctoral en el siguiente LINK (solamente le solicitamos citar la fuente de la información):

http://riunet.upv.es/handle/10251/9475

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July 12, 2011 - 1:51 AM No Comments